Our historyAegon's roots

From helping Dutch people pay for funerals 150 years ago to offering loans from a converted saloon in San Francisco; our history spans the world and stretches back all the way to 1844.

Most of Aegon's Dutch predecessors hail from the mid-19th century, which saw a small boom in burial funds and insurance companies in the Netherlands. Funerals were expensive, not to mention an unexpected cost at a difficult time. Aegon's earliest predecessor was Algemeene Friesche Begrafenisfonds 'Memento Mori', a burial fund created by two civil servants, J. Oosterhoff and J.S. Spoelstra, in the northern Dutch province of Friesland in 1844. Oosterhoff was a former burial fund inspector, Spoelstra a tax inspector. 

Over time, through organic growth, mergers and acquisitions, Aegon grew to be a large global insurer, offering far more than funeral insurance. But just like back in 1844, we take seriously our purpose of Helping people live their best lives.

You can read our full history per decade below.

Aegon's official predecessors started operations
Birth of Transamerica
Aegon was born from the merger of AGO and Ennia

Did you know?

  • The Aegon name was created after the merger of two Dutch predecessors, AGO and Ennia, on November 30, 1983.
  • Transamerica' s predecessor, Bank of Italy was one of the first banks to issue loans to help rebuild San Francisco after the 1906 fire.
  • Transamerica supplied Walt Disney with a loan, which allowed him to complete Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.

Extended history per decade

Although we could never capture all of Aegon's rich history in a single document, we've given it a shot to write Aegon's story from 1759 to present day.

Aegon's official predecessors started operations in 1844. However, Aegon's history goes back further, due to businesses we acquired in the last few hundred years. We don't consider these our official predecessors (which are described as businesses that we have merged with), however our acquired businesses do form a unique part of our history.

Aegon's earliest predecessors were all burial funds from the Netherlands. The need to set money aside, or take out insurance, for a proper funeral can be largely attributed to the Dutch culture. Being buried at the expense of the state or charity was considered not done, even by people with little means. However, funerals were expensive. There were also many of them; most people didn't live to see old age. Born in the early 1800s, you could expect to live between 30 and 35 years. A third of children did not survive infancy.

Burial funds, such as the Broederlijke Liefdebeurs ('Brotherly Love Fund'), founded in 1759 and one of Aegon's unofficial predecessors, was the solution. Insurers were not professional organizations; sometimes, insured families had to serve as unpaid pall bearers at other funerals, to keep cost down. At other times, members were asked to collect premiums from other families or pay out claims in name of the company.

Some burial funds also included a modest fund that would financially support the widow or orphan for a short period of time. The Meisjes-, Vrouwen- en Weduwenfonds ('Girls'-, Women's- and Widows Fund) from 1828 is Aegon's earliest unofficial predecessor that sold life insurance based on actuarial science. This rigorous mathematics, to calculate risk and uncertainty, is still used today.

Across the globe, similar insurance companies were set up. In 1831, Scottish Equitable was founded in Edinburgh. Our UK headquarters are still in Scotland's capital city today, with additional offices in London, Lytham St Annes, Witham, and Peterborough.

The mid-19th century saw a small boom in burial funds and insurance companies. Most of Aegon's Dutch predecessors hail from this period. Aegon's earliest predecessor was Algemeene Friesche Begrafenisfonds 'Memento Mori', a burial fund created by two civil servants, J. Oosterhoff and J.S. Spoelstra, in the northern Dutch province of Friesland in 1844. 

Another key predecessor is Het Groot-Noordhollandsch Begrafenisfonds, founded in 1845 by a pastor with the name Pfijfers.

Although the first Dutch life insurance company was founded in 1807. It had barely any competition until 1850, when Aegon's predecessor Vennootschap voerende den naam Nederland was founded. 

In the mid to late 1900s, insurance was often not a fulltime business and directorship was a part-time job. The leadership role frequently rotated between members. Clerks were frequently hired by the director and were not employees of the insurance fund itself. Algemeene Friesche hired its first clerk in 1855 – up until that point, the directors were in charge of all administrative tasks.

Aegon has roots in what was known as the Dutch East Indies (the Republic of Indonesia) as well. Nillmij (short for Nederlandsch-Indische Levensverzekering en Lijfrente Maatschappij) was founded in 1859. Although operations were profitable, they were small: the island of Java counted only 3,000 Dutch people at the time. Moreover, most were military personnel or had access to state pensions. But people's chances of meeting an untimely end were double that of mainland Europe.

Wiggers van Kerchem,Wiggers van Kerchem, director of Nillmij until 1876, started the company with just 23 insured members. Communications to customers was tough: Nillmij would publish in papers that they had, indeed, received premiums.

1861 was a remarkable year for our UK business: Scottish Equitable's first customer, a Mr. Christie, started his well-deserved pension.

Insurance operations changed throughout the years, but the role of couriers who collected premiums for burial funds remained critical for decades. They had a great deal of power and could pressure insurance directors to sell new types of products or improve guidelines in the customer's favor. In 1871, couriers from Groot-Noordhollandsche proposed better pay and the company subsequently increased their premiums for new policies.

The Dutch insurance sector expanded rapidly in the second half of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. The main drivers were strong economic growth and increasing prosperity. An example is the expansion of De Dordrecht into Belgium in 1876 - without much success by the way – and next a first office in France. Expansions were not extravagant: directors would hire an agent or open a small office in a foreign country, and wait three or four years to see results. Most ventures ended after such a time period. 

In the late 19th century, dozens more burial funds, widows' funds, life insurers, health insurers and other companies and associations eventually formed the Aegon that we know today, via mergers and acquisitions. Such as Olveh (Onderlinge Verzekeringsmaatschappij Eigen Hulp), incorporated in 1859, which was initially formed as a self-help organization for civil servants and white-collar workers. 

B. Janse Johanneszoon, a former naval officer, started the Eerste Nederlandsche, one of Aegon's primary predecessors, in 1882. After a trip to England in 1879 or 1880, he was inspired by the Railway Passengers Assurance Company, which sold short-term insurance against accidents while travelling.

A few years later, in 1885, the Nederlandsche Pensioenvereniging voor Werklieden ('Dutch pension fund for labourers') was started. This was a net pension construction, whereby the organization's costs were not paid using premiums, but via charitable donations. Fortunately, the pension fund was able to make bank transfers for free, and doctors donated their time for physical exams - including the first female doctor in the Netherlands, Alette Jacobs. 

Aegon's first predecessor to offering credit (loans) was De Dordrecht. Around 1890, it dealt with civil servants, many of them returning from the East Indies, who needed credit. In exchange for a life insurance policy, and a portion of their pension or salary, the company offered credit to bridge to gap to the next salary. This was a great success, until the government stepped in and outlawed this practice.

First employee pensions
In 1895, De Dordrecht started a pension insurance for its own employees. Employees contributed 2.5% of their annual salary, while the employer contributed 5%. The idea was, that retiring workers would hold on to 60% of their last salary after the age of 65. In case of invalidity or dismissal, the fund was released. However, if employees switched jobs to work for the competitor, the employer's contribution was forfeited. Algemeene Friesche started a similar pension scheme in 1896, Olveh before 1900, Groot-Noordhollandsche in 1905 and Eerste Nederlandsche in 1910.

It is therefore not a surprise that the early 1900s saw the first collective pension contracts. Algemeene Friesche noted its first in 1906, and Groot-Noordhollandsche has one dated 1918 (which was a 28 member pension fund for a cooperative of office and trade clerks in Zwolle). These collective contracts became increasingly popular in the 1930s.

In 1903, Eerste Nederlandse started the Eerste Hypotheekbank ('First Mortgage Bank'). All mortgages had the option to include life insurance, with Eerste Nederlandsche of course. The businesses were to be kept strictly separate. The only thing offered, according to letters, was 'moral support' for the directors.

Birth of Transamerica
In 1904, a young entrepreneur with a reputation for helping small merchants and immigrant farmers named Amadeo Giannini founded the Bank of Italy in a converted San Francisco saloon. His goal was to make financial services available to everyone - an innovative concept at the time. Two years later, in the chaotic days after the devastating 1906 earthquake and fire, Giannini set up a makeshift bank on a desk on the San Francisco docks. Instead of collateral, he gave residents loans to rebuild secured with only a handshake. Giannini was never one to make a big deal about his role in helping the city and its residents rebuild, but his legend and his business grew. His business would turn into Transamerica, Aegon's largest subsidiary.

Meanwhile in the Netherlands...
In 1911, Nieuwe Eerste Nederlandsche and other car insurers stated that accidents occurred frequently. Although there were not that many cars on the road, people were not used to keeping roads clear: mothers with babies were known to chat in the middle of the street. The number of accidents had something to do with the drivers as well: prior to 1927, driver licenses were granted on request, no questions asked.

In 1913, the Eerste Nederlandsche acquired Vennootschap Nederland, which at the time was an unusual practice. The Vennootschap had been in financial trouble for a while, which led to some very unhappy shareholders. One key shareholder, an 84-year-old blind author, published a never-ending stream of negative articles about the insurer.

The growth of insurance companies was halted by the outbreak of World War I in 1914, which led to massive disruption across the continent.

Following World War I, the life insurance market saw some recovery. But not all companies would stand to benefit. By 1918, Eerste Nederlandsche was already in talks with Algemeene for a merger, which was set to improve competitiveness and lower costs. This was a precarious situation: according to the French, Algemeene was blacklisted as having done business with the enemy.

The years immediately after the Word War I were marked by economic uncertainty, high inflation and rising unemployment. All Western European countries and their currencies were unstable. Revolutions in Europe affected the business of life insurance companies De Dordrecht and Algemeene. Both had offices in Hungary. Local insurers were nationalized - but foreign insurers only received extra supervision. This led to directors of the Hungarian branch of De Dordrecht being fired - and rehired two days later - twice(!) in 1919. De Dordrecht sold their Hungarian business in January 1920, to nobody's surprise. The Hungarian director of Algemeene was literally chased out of his office. He later said he sold flowers to pay his way back to Amsterdam.

De Dordrecht didn't survive - 1919 and 1920 saw the division of its portfolio. It took until January 1, 1927 to finalize, since an accelerated division would cause chaos.

It also became clear that De Algemeene would not recover; a rescue operation by Eerste Nederlandsche was underway. Large portfolios were acquired and two directors were added to the Management Board of Eerste Nederlandsche. 

Despite these difficult conditions in the post-war years, the insurance sector again grew quickly. For example, by 1920, nationwide income from premiums had almost doubled compared to 1913 levels.

New employer-employee relationship
The end of the First World War meant a new relationship between employer and employee. Old-fashioned patriarchal relationships became more business-like. An example of this changing relationship is when Eerste Nederlandsche moved most of its administration from The Hague to Dordrecht. The clerks were reluctant to move for their employers. The directors even had 24 small homes built, as well as a large home for female, unwed clerks. But the decision was not popular and the homes mostly stood empty.

In the early 1920s, "scientific management" was all the rage. This included advice to employees to 'love their jobs' and adopt clean desk policies. Eerste Nederlandsche stimulated the formation of a personnel association, to discuss working conditions. The proposal put together by employees - which included a raise in pay - was taken on, and even improved upon by directors.

In 1928 USA, Amadeo Giannini consolidated his bank into what would become Bank of America. Two years later, the organization acquired the Occidental Life Insurance Company through the newly created holding company, Transamerica Corporation.

During those expansion years, Giannini's legend grew as he provided funding at a critical time to the emerging California agricultural and wine industries. The generous banker also purchased bonds to secure the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge (finished 1937) during the Great Depression.

The Great Depression
The Great Depression hit the global economy hard. During the 1930s, while economic turmoil rocked the global economy, insurance companies were less affected than others. Factories closed for several days a week and unemployment skyrocketed. But premium incomes continued to grow. The number of new contracts decreased, however, and invested capital felt the effects of the stock market crash. In a pamphlet from 1931, Eerste Nederlandsche wrote that it turned out that 'a life insurance policy with a strong company is considered a safer investment than owning stock'. Which is why most insurance companies saw some growth after all. Some insurers even looked across borders for new businesses, such as Olveh, which hired its first agent in Surinam in 1933.

The Dutch East Indies though, where Nillmij did most of its business, were heavily affected by the 1930s crisis. Average family incomes in the region more than halved between 1930 and 1936.

In the spring of 1938, Algemeene Friesche and Groot-Noordhollandsche joined forces by promising to meet each other's obligations in times of crisis. Both pledged a bond of 1 million guilders and continued to operate under their original names.

The return to war in Europe in 1939 brought more upheaval to the Dutch insurance business.

Please note that this section focuses primarily on what occurred in the Netherlands, to Aegon's Dutch predecessors during World War II.

They knew war was coming
Although the invasion of the Netherlands started on May 10, 1940, the mobilization of Dutch military forces was announced on August 29, 1939. This meant that many employees and agents were called to arms and Aegon's predecessors made preparations. Eerste Nederlandsche, for example, prepared shelters to protect employees from gas attacks and bombings.

With records being paper only, keeping the policy and company administration safe was critical. Algemeene Friesche and Groot-Noordhollandsche separated their administration over two locations, just in case. In fact, Algemeene Friesche moved their administrative offices to the famous "Gothic Hall" in the royal Kneuterdijk Palace in the Hague, until the Germans claimed the building in 1941. And documentation had to be safeguarded in Scotland too. At the outbreak of the war, Scottish Equitable moved all of its records to Inverness for safe-keeping until it was safe to return them to Edinburgh.

Insurers also reconsidered their policies, ahead of expected casualties. Before the war, "death due to war" was always fully covered by your life insurance, unless you were in the military. Dutch life insurers joined forces in 1939 and decided to cut a maximum of 10% of all pay-outs, so they could pay out every policy and eliminate this difference between civilians and military personnel.

Aegon soldiers
Many employees and agents were called to arms and the sales of new insurance dropped dramatically during the war. The occupation also broke the bonds between the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies. Local offices continued working as usual, if they could. About half of the Nillmij office personnel in Batavia (present day Jakarta, Indonesia) were called to military service. They were photographed in February 1941 and 11 didn't survive the war. 

In 1942, all men between ages 18 and 35 were banned from working at banks and insurers. Aegon's predecessors were forced to send the Arbeidsbureau (Labor agency) lists of names. Some employees were sent to Germany for forced labor. Others went into hiding.

During the war, insurance companies found that making decisions as an industry was almost impossible, since the longer the war carried on, the fewer they could meet. Travel was too tough. The German occupier tried to exert extra control over insurance companies, for example by making reinsurance for non-life mandatory. This was to sell the reinsurance contract to a German reinsurer, led by Joseph Goebbels' brother. Dutch insurers sabotaged this by delaying the organization of such a policy.

Jewish customers
In what is considered one of the blackest periods of our history, on May 21, 1942, all insurers in the Netherlands were asked to split their portfolios into 'Aryan' and 'Non-Aryan'. Any policies that may have a Jewish beneficiary would need to be disclosed to an agency called Lippmann, Rosenthal & Co Sarphatistraat (Liro, for short). This was next to impossible; insurers had no clue if beneficiaries were Jewish, unless they asked and most insurers had no plans to do so. In their own records, Aegon's predecessors noted every policy as 'Aryan' unless the Liro told them otherwise.

This delayed the process immensely, but unfortunately, the portfolio split was carried out. In June 1943, the German occupier decided that all policies by Jews needed to be surrendered (paid out). This included policies that were, according to the law, not eligible for surrendering. Attempts to sabotage this process were not successful and vast sums of money were paid out to the Liro.

After the war, all policies by Jewish citizens were reinstated by royal decree - and insurers were responsible for financial redress of beneficiaries. In 1956, Liro was able to return 90% of funds to insurers.

The end of World War II in 1945 was followed by period of strong insurance industry growth in the Netherlands. Dutch people overwhelmingly purchased insurance. Sales were sky-high and continued to grow spectacularly until the mid-1970s. Pensions were all the rage, supported by Dutch laws.

The same was true for non-life insurance. Plenty of homes in 1944 and 1945 stood empty, inviting thieves due to post-war scarcity. During the occupation, people got used to limited traffic, which made car accidents rampant in the post-war years.

In a global context, 1946 saw Bank of America (Transamerica's predecessor) as the largest private bank in the world. Due to the US Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, Transamerica had to choose whether to divest its banks or its non-bank investments. Transamerica surprised the financial world and chose insurance.

Developments abroad also had a profound impact on the Dutch insurance landschap. In 1949, Indonesia was born, which impacted both Nillmij and Aegon's other predecessors with portfolios in the former Dutch East Indies. Portfolios shrank tremendously as Europeans left the country and administrative problems abounded. The decrease of the value of the Indonesian rupiah was also a growing problem. Monetary transactions between the two countries was restricted. In 1957, all insurers in Indonesia were nationalized and Nillmij merged with De Arnhem due to its financial difficulties.

In 1947, Nieuwe Eerste Nederlandsche opened offices in Brussels, Paramaribo (Surinam) and Curaçao. An agent was hired in Venezuela in 1950, as well as in the United States.

In the 1960s a wave of consolidation swept in as insurance companies faced growing competition, a need to control costs and rising inflation. The fifties and sixties also brought innovative technology. As early as 1956, Nillmij developed the X-1 computer, together with the Dutch Mathematical Institute, via subsidiary Electrologica, The business was sold to Philips in 1960. Across the water, in 1963, Scottish Equitable bought its first computer. And the decade even brought a few IPOs: in 1966, our first predecessor Eerste Nederlandsche was publicly traded. Nillmij followed in 1968.

In 1968, three insurers – Algemeene Friesche, Groot Noordhollandsche and Olveh – joined forces to create a new company called AGO. A year later, Eerste Nederlandsche, Nieuwe Nederlandsche and Nillmij merged to create Ennia. Between them, AGO and Ennia controlled 20% of the Dutch market. Both companies grew quickly throughout the 1970s.

In the following years, AGO and Ennia both expanded their international businesses. But with mixed success. At the time, local insurers were preferred over foreign businesses. In 1966, the office in Caracas of Nieuwe Eerste Nederlandsche was renamed La Primera Holandesa de Seguros, and a Venezuelian company owned the majority share. Although Nieuwe Eerste Nederlandsche still owned 49%, the percentage decreased year by year. A similar thing happened in Morocco and Saudi-Arabia.

After decades of expansion, Transamerica commissioned architect William Pereira to design a new headquarters in San Francisco. The Transamerica Pyramid was completed in 1972, and remained San Francisco's tallest building until it was surpassed in height by construction of the Salesforce Tower (opened January 8, 2018).

The late 1970s and early 1980s saw expansion and growth. In 1974, Ennia acquired Triump Insurance Company in Great Britain. In 1979, AGO purchased 13% of shares in Life Investors, a US health insurer, founded in 1959. Its stake in the company grew, until AGO announced in 1981, its aim to be a majority shareholder. The founder of Life Investors disagreed, leading to several court cases, which were decided in AGO's favor.

In 1980, Ennia acquired a 85% stake in Spanish insurer Galicia S.A., based in Madrid. One year later, Ennia acquired National Old Line in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. A year later in 1982, Ennia bought a minority share in Canadian Extendicare, which was sold a few years later.

Aegon was born on November 30, 1983 from the merger of AGO and Ennia. The news of the merger was a great surprise: together, AGO and Ennia would form the second largest insurer in the Dutch market. The name Aegon was chosen from over 700 submissions. The letters were formed from its major predecessors: Algemeene Friesche (A), Eerste Nederlandsche (E), Groot-Noordhollandsche van 1845 (G), Olveh van 1879 (O) and Nillmij (N).

Leadership was decided swiftly. The Executive Boards were merged, and three members would leave after the first 12 months. The first year, Joop Bakker (AGO) would lead as CEO. After the 1984 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, he was succeeded by Ennia director Jaap Peters.

Throughout the 1980s, Aegon continued its international expansion. In 1986, Aegon bought the Baltimore-based life insurer Monumental Corp. By June 1988, Aegon had brought its growing US business together under a single roof: Aegon USA, with headquarters in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. But Aegon's expansion was not confined to North America. The 1980s saw a series of further acquisitions in Europe, particularly in Spain. By 1987, the company was one of the ten largest insurance companies in the country measured by premium income.

In the 1980s, Aegon floated its shares, giving the company its first access to international capital markets, and the vital funding for its continued growth. Initially listed on the Amsterdam and London exchanges, in 1991, Aegon went a step further and listed on the New York Stock Exchange. At the time, the flotation was heralded as, "the most important arrival from Holland since Peter Stuyvesant founded New Amsterdam (now New York) in 1653."

The 1990s was a decade of expansion across three continents, starting in 1991 with acquisition of Regency Life, a UK insurer specializing in unit-linked products and pensions.

In March 1992, Aegon bought a 75% stake in Állami Biztosító, Hungary's former state-owned insurance company. At this point, Hungary and the rest of the region was emerging from decades of Soviet domination.

Aegon set up a totally new operation in Taiwan in 1993. Over the next few years, the company strengthened its position in Taiwan, which played a significant role in helping Aegon expand into Asia. In the same year, Aegon began its relationship with Scottish Equitable, acquiring 40% of the company, one of the best-known names in the UK financial services industry.

By 1998, Aegon had taken full control of Scottish Equitable. A year later, Aegon acquired the life insurance operations of Guardian Royal Exchange. The UK business now operates under the Aegon name and is based in Edinburgh. You can find more about Scottish Equitable's history here.

Aegon acquired Transamerica in 1999. It was the largest purchase ever made by a Dutch company overseas and the second largest in the US insurance industry. Transamerica operates under its own brand in North America, and remains one of the most-familiar names in the American insurance industry.

Aegon invested heavily in international expansion during the early 2000s.

In March 2001, Aegon announced it was expanding its U.S. health and life-insurance business by buying U.S. retailer J.C. Penney Co.'s direct-marketing services division for EUR 1.4 billion in cash.

In June 2001, selected assets of World Marketing Alliance, a multi-level US marketing company selling investment and insurance products were purchased by Aegon, and renamed World Financial Group.

There were some challenges in the early 2000s. For example, the 2001/2002 dotcom bubble lead to Aegon announcing in July 2002, outside of regular quarterly updates, that profits would be lower than expected.

In 2002, Aegon acquired the Dutch business TKP Pensioen. Spain was also a focus: from 2002 onwards, several partnerships and joint ventures with Spanish savings banks were announced, since these were the primary distribution channel for life insurance in the country. Via the La Mondiale Participations joint venture Aegon built its French business, but sold it in 2015. Aegon Asset Management remains active in France via the La Banque Postale partnership. In Eastern Europe, Aegon started new businesses in Slovakia (in 2003) and Czech Republic (in 2005). Aegon Poland also steadily grew, mostly from acquisitions, including Nationwide Poland in 2005, and PTE Ergo Hestia (a pension business), which was finalized in 2007. Aegon also initiated large distribution partnerships. For example with Clark (in 2006) and Merrill Lynch, a year later.

Between 2003 and 2014, Aegon also operated a joint venture with the China National Offshore Oil Company, known as AEGON-CNOOC. In 2014, Aegon announced its partnership with Tsinghua Tongfang and remains active in China today, through this joint venture known as Aegon THTF.

The financial crisis of 2008 was a severe worldwide economic disruption, considered by many, at the time, to be the most since the Great Depression of the 1930s. The 2004-2005 housing bubble in the U.S. is named as the spark for the 2008 financial crisis. This evolved into a global recession.

Aegon was vulnerable to the knock-on effects of the financial crisis and expected substantial losses in late 2008.

In October 2008, Aegon announced that it had accepted EUR 3 billion from the Dutch government, acting to shore up its cash position in the face of the continuing financial crisis. Several other Dutch banks and insurers received similar funding. As a consequence, dividend payments were suspended, and executive bonuses were cancelled.

The government support was fully repaid on June 15, 2011, earning the Dutch state EUR 550 million in interest.

Throughout the financial crisis, Aegon continued to pursue opportunities and make strategic moves. In 2008, Aegon expanded in Asia with the launch of its Aegon Religare Life Insurance Company joint venture in India. Aegon also acquired Turkish life insurance and pension provider Ankara Emeklilik Anonim Sirketi in 2008, which is now known as Aegon Turkey.

Aegon also established the Aegon Industrial Fund Management Company Limited (AIFMC) in Shanghai. This partnership with Chinese brokerage Industrial Securities provides fund products and asset management services to the local public domestic market. In 2009, Aegon also entered the Japanese market with joint venture Aegon Sony Life. Aegon sold its stake in this partnership in 2019.

Aegon closed its Taiwan business in 2009. The same year, Aegon formed two joint ventures in Latin America: Seguros Argos Aegon in Mexico (which has since been unwound) and Mongeral Aegon in Brazil.

In 2013, Aegon took over Eureko's life insurance and pension business in Romania, one of the largest providers of insurance and pensions in the country. This business is now known as Aegon Romania. The same year, Aegon entered a 25-year exclusive distribution partnership with Banco Santander in Spain, Spain's largest financial group, with over 4,000 branches. In 2014, this successful partnership was extended to Portugal.

In 2015, Aegon sold its Canadian operations to Wilton Re.

In 2015, amended legislation on foreign direct investment in India enabled Aegon to increase its share in the Aegon Religare Life Insurance Company, a joint venture, to 49%. At the same time, the company was renamed Aegon Life and Religare exited the business. 

2015 brought the sale of Aegon's 35% stake in La Mondiale Participations in France, and the forming of a new long-term strategic Asset Management joint venture with La Banque Postale. As a result, products wereill be distributed through La Banque Postale's network of approximately 17,000 points of sale, online and by its institutional sales team.

In 2017, asset management company, Akaan Transamerica received formal approval from the Mexican Banking and Securities Commission (CNBV) to initiate operations in the Mexican market. Aegon decided to exit this joint venture in 2019.

In 2018, Aegon announced the acquisition of Robidus, a leading income protection service provider in the Netherlands. The same year, Aegon also announced it was backing The Dementia Discovery Fund (DDF), the world's largest venture fund devoted to a single disease area. Aegon also offered a USD 100 million US affordable housing debt fund, by Aegon USA Realty Advisors LLC (AURA), and announced in January 2018 which quickly was fully subscribed. It is the first fund of its kind and contributes to access to practical, safe and affordable housing for all.

In 2019, Aegon announced the sale of its stake in Sony Life in Japan and completed the sales of its Czech Republic and Slovakia businesses. Aegon Asset Management, Aegon's investment arm, took the first steps to establish a wholly foreign-owned enterprise in Shanghai, which allows it to sell world-class offshore investment products and services to domestic Chinese institutions and high-net-worth investors.

Aegon embarked on a transformation program following the appintment of Lard Friese (profile) as Aegon's CEO in 2020.

In November 2020, Aegon announced that it had agreed to sell its insurance, pension and asset management business in Hungary, Poland, Romania and Turkey for EUR 830 million to Vienna Insurance Group AG Wiener Versicherung Gruppe (VIG).

At our Capital Markets Day in December 2020, Aegon announced its new strategy and financial targets.

During 2021, Aegon published several updates about the sale of its businesses in Central and Eastern Europe to Vienna Insurance Group AG Wiener Versicherung Gruppe (VIG).

During 2021, Aegon published several updates about the sale of its businesses in Central and Eastern Europe to Vienna Insurance Group AG Wiener Versicherung Gruppe (VIG). In March 2022, Aegon announced that it has completed the divestment of its Hungarian businesses to Vienna Insurance Group AG Wiener Versicherung Gruppe (VIG). This completion was an important step towards the full closing of the sale of Aegon's insurance, pension, and asset management businesses in Central and Eastern Europe to VIG for EUR 830 million, as announced in November 2020.

In April 2022, Aegon completed the sale of its business in Turkey to VIG. 

In October 2022, Aegon announced it had reached an agreement to combine its Dutch pension, life and non-life insurance, banking, and mortgage origination activities with a.s.r., a Dutch peer. The combination will create a leading Dutch insurance company.

To find out more about Aegon today, please visit the 'About us' page and our latest press releases.